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Board Meeting Minutes: A Complete Guide and a Free Template

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Taking board meeting minutes is time-consuming and requires major attention to detail. It takes a talented individual who can take in all the information flying around the boardroom and summarize it in a way that truly captures the atmosphere.

It can be easy to forget just how crucial board minutes are. They’re a historical log of decisions that future board members can reference, and they’re imperative for meeting your organization’s legal requirements. Finding yourself in legal trouble and having vague meeting minutes to refer back to is not a situation you want to find yourself in, while organizations with well-kept minutes have been able to fall back on them when faced with legal issues.

Whether you’re a board secretary or another board leader with a passion for organized documentation, you know that minute-keeping is often a thankless job. Learning how to take effective minutes at a board meeting is worth the time and energy, though.

The leaders here at Boardable have put together this complete guide as a way for you to improve your board meeting minutes and get back to focusing on actually leading the organization. We’ll review the basics to make sure we’re all on the same page before getting down to the nitty-gritty details. Here’s what we’ll cover:

Before getting started, we wanted to highlight an awesome resource. Boardable’s team is made up of some really talented people who know a lot about board management. Some of our team members have tapped into their knowledge and produced an e-book, Why It’s Time for Modern Boards To Blow Up The Board Book, that reimagines the approach to board books. You’ll learn how to shave your meeting prep time from hours or days to just minutes by making everything digitally accessible. Go ahead and download your guide (it’s free!). It’ll be there waiting for you when you finish reading this board minutes guide.

Modernize your board meeting minutes by downloading out 'Why It's Time to Blow Up the Board Book' e-book.

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Here's a basic definition of board meeting minutes.

1. What Are Board Meeting Minutes?

Board meeting minutes record the board of directors’ actions and decisions. They’re an official and legal record of board meetings. That means they should include more than a simple overview of discussions. The core purpose of board meeting minutes is to show that the board members did the following:

  • Followed relevant procedures.
  • Complied with state laws pertaining to your type of organization.
  • Obeyed the organization’s own bylaws and aligned decisions with its mission.

In essence, board meeting minutes are great notes that capture all of your board meeting’s most important details. Let’s take a deep dive into what these details include, so you can start creating more effective board meeting minutes rather than just reading about what they are.

Let's walk through the benefits of taking effective board minutes.

2. Why Do You Need to Take Board Meeting Minutes?

So you know what board meeting minutes are, but more importantly, why is it worth the time and effort to take great notes?

As we’ve mentioned, board minutes document that a meeting did in fact occur, but it goes beyond that. Before you can take effective board minutes yourself, you need to understand why you’re spending so much time documenting all relevant actions and conversations. Otherwise, you might find yourself wondering why you’re wasting your focus on perfecting your note-taking skills.

The purpose behind taking exceptional board minutes boils down to these core benefits:

  1. Once approved, board minutes become a legal record of what occurred in the meeting. In the event of a lawsuit, board meeting minutes can be subpoenaed, and board members may be held liable. If important details are missing or if votes are recorded incorrectly, your organization can potentially face serious legal ramifications. While it’s unlikely that this will happen, it’s always best to be prepared.
  2. Effective board meeting minutes serve as a reference point for future decision-making. Decisions are part of being a board member. Make sure you can reflect back on past ones by writing down what was addressed in the meeting, who said what, what the designated next steps were, and who is taking responsibility for which upcoming projects.
  3. Prospective sponsors, donors, and other funders can access board meeting minutes. As board leaders, we must understand our duty to supply our organizations with sufficient resources. Funders use board minutes to determine how effective the board is in leading the organization toward its goals. In other words, you don’t want someone to decide against financially supporting your cause because of poorly-taken notes.

Board meeting minutes are an important resource, not just for future reference by the board itself but also for legal purposes. The power of great documentation extends even further, but these three reasons should be your main purposes for investing time and resources into better minutes-taking. Now, let’s dive into best practices for creating coherent, well-organized board minutes.

There are several best practices you can implement when taking nonprofit board meeting minutes.

3. How to Take Minutes at a Board Meeting

Now, for the question that we all want the answer to: how can you create board meeting minutes that capture every key detail without writing a complete transcript?

It’d be great if we could jot down a few notes and call it a day, but your board minutes need to be comprehensive. Creating complete board meeting minutes that meet the needs of everyone who uses them is crucial for effective decision-making and record-keeping at your organization.

While there’s no one-size-fits-all approach for taking effective board minutes, we’ve found that a lot of great secretaries use a few common practices. The result? A clear and accurate account of your board’s actions. Let’s take a look at a few of those strategies:

These are several easy-to-implement best practices for taking effective board meeting minutes.

1. USE YOUR AGENDA AS A BOARD MEETING MINUTES TEMPLATE.

Sufficient meeting planning is vital to the productivity of your meetings. Many board administrators create an outline for the minutes that’s blended with the agenda a few days before the meeting. Taking board minutes becomes incredibly straightforward and much less prone to error this way.

One trick to try is using the meeting agenda as a template. It’s a great way to outline everything ahead of time, so your board members can keep the conversation moving without waiting on the secretary to catch up. Your secretary can spend more time listening and accurately capturing the conversation, rather than trying to start from scratch and record everything on the fly.

2. ASSIGN A MINUTE-TAKER AHEAD OF TIME.

Picture this: you show up to your board meeting only to find out that no one wants to take minutes. Putting a board member on the spot could come as an unpleasant surprise. In fact, this will almost certainly compromise the quality of that board member’s engagement and participation levels. It could even go as far as to compromise the quality of the board minutes. That’s why you should always have a minute-taker lined up ahead of time.

Have the same person take board minutes at every meeting. Then, designate a backup person to take them for when the regular minute-taker can’t make it. This will almost always lead to stronger, clearer board minutes, because your notetaker will have time to familiarize themselves with the process.

3. BUILD OUT EXPECTATIONS FOR BOARD MINUTES.

You have a designated minutes-taker. That’s enough to start taking more effective board minutes, right? Not quite! You might want to lay down a few ground rules for this person, such as:

  1. What format should be used – Your organization might stick to a particular format for board minutes. Maybe it changes with each new chair. Maybe it’s a perfected tradition passed down from future generations of secretaries. It all depends on your board. Include some basic information in your structure, like how to record motions and votes. Using past board minutes as a template can be an effective option.
  2. How they should take minutes – Most opt for a Minutes Maker platform like the one within Boardable. However, even after investing in a platform, your technology is only efficient if you use it effectively. The minutes-taker should know how to operate the board minutes system. During the meeting is not the optimal time to learn how to use these tools, so be sure your minute-taker undergoes training and is familiar with them beforehand.
  3. Whether they should participate – Some boards encourage their minutes-taker to participate. Others ask them not to. It depends on one thing: if they’re a board member. If not, they shouldn’t participate unless expressly invited.

This might seem like a lot of guidance. However, sharing these expectations upfront will help whoever is taking the board meeting minutes to create standout notes.

3. WRITE IN AN OBJECTIVE VOICE.

Your board secretary should always remember that board meeting minutes must be written objectively. When you encounter controversial issues or contentious votes, attempt to summarize the debates and arguments without adding unnecessary comments or judgments. Weed out emotional statements by following these suggestions:

  • Stick to the facts, including votes in favor of a motion, votes against a motion, abstentions, and pertinent details about discussions. Listen carefully to the main topics and document significant portions of the discussion.
  • Ask a third party—someone who is not on the board—to read the board minutes to give you an unbiased opinion. When doing so, make sure the third party is not privy to any confidential information. Ideally, you can ask someone like the executive director or a staff member.
  • Re-read them the next day. Since the secretary is also a voting board member, recording information objectively can be challenging. If you’re unsure if your board minutes are objective, sleep on it and re-read them the next day with a fresh mind.

By following these tips to ensure objectivity, you’ll create unbiased notes that capture essential information for future reference. Otherwise, letting opinions creep into your board minutes can impact your note’s authority and professionalism.

4. INCLUDE PERTINENT DETAILS.

Board meeting minutes are a matter of law for organizations. They serve as the official record to show that the meeting was actually held and important matters were discussed. As such, it’s always important to capture all necessary details.

While there are no legal rules for what information board meeting minutes must include, most boards base their outlines on Robert’s Rules of Order. Full use of these extensive rules would be cumbersome for most organizations, but limited use can be helpful in maintaining order and quickly addressing agenda items. When following Robert’s Rules of Order, board minutes must includee:

  • The type of meeting
  • The date, time, and location of the meeting
  • A list of attendees, including nonvoting participants with their names, titles, and reasons for attending
  • When the meeting was called to order and when it was adjourned
  • A record of motions, seconds, and whether or not the motion passed

Overall, aim to create board meeting minutes that are specific enough to capture the board’s focus and decisions, but not so sparse that you can’t decipher what actually occurred during the meeting a few months down the line. Plus, scant board minutes could open up the board to liability issues, so you never want them to be so minimal that they raise suspicion.

Think of it this way: major decisions and discussion points should always be captured but in a “short and sweet” fashion.

5. PROOFREAD AND SHARE BOARD MINUTES SECURELY.

When all is said and done, you’ll want to review your board meeting minutes before sharing them. Be sure they’re consistently formatted and presented. If there are additional notes that need to be rewritten into the minutes, see to it promptly after the meeting.

From here, board minutes should be finalized and distributed to attendees as soon as possible while the meeting is still fresh in the board and minute-taker’s memory. As we’ll explore later on, Boardable’s Minutes Maker empowers you to securely share your minutes within seconds. With expansive document storage capabilities, you can allow board members to access board meeting minutes, the agenda, and any other pertinent documents.

There are quite a few details you should exclude from your board meeting minutes. Let's walk through them.

4. What Not to Include in Board Meeting Minutes

Knowing what to leave out of board meeting minutes is just as significant as knowing what to include. Remember, a lot rides on the minutes, and recording the wrong things can cause skepticism among stakeholders, legal entities, and others.

With this in mind, let’s explore five things secretaries commonly record in their board minutes but shouldn’t:

These are a handful of things you shouldn't put in your board meeting minutes.

1. Don’t Include How Individuals Voted.

In each of your board meetings, you’ll likely have a handful of items that need to be voted on. While you should name who made and seconded the motion, you shouldn’t include how individuals voted. Exclude their names and simply note the number of those in favor, those against, and those who abstained. As a general rule, keep the record impersonal.

However, there is an exception to this rule. If financial transactions involving board members come up or if the executive director’s pay is set, let the board meeting minutes reflect how individuals voted and their rationales. In the event of any legal challenges, rationales will support reasonability.

RELATED: There’s a lot more to voting than what’s reflected in the board minutes. If you want to learn more about refining your voting process, check out our board voting guide, another complete playbook put together by the Boardable team!

2. Don’t Include Particular Board Members’ Opinions.

As previously mentioned, your board meeting minutes should be unbiased. Because of this, board minutes should focus on decisions, not discussion.

On occasion, disagreeing members may state flat-out that they want their disagreement recorded. Avoid this, and instead, simply note that it occurred—no further explanation is necessary.

Similarly, if there was a debate, mention it, but don’t make opinionated notations. After all, board meeting minutes are discoverable papers that can be used in any potential legal situation. The last thing you want is to unnecessarily open your board up to liability by not sticking to the facts.

3. Don’t Include Summaries of Documents or Presentations.

Between bylaws, annual budgets, and new organizational policies, boards of directors review a lot of important documents. Anytime you review a document in a meeting, you should mention presented materials in your board minutes. However, don’t go into great detail about its content. Instead, note where it’s obtainable, so members don’t have to rifle through excess information in the meeting minutes.

With comprehensive tools, presentations are easy to locate at any point. Specifically, with solutions like Boardable’s Document Center, you can organize and store pertinent records, presentations, and other documents alongside your board meeting minutes.

Plus, Boardable is compatible with widely-used cloud-based storage systems like Dropbox, Google Drive, and OneDrive. That makes it easy to have a centralized location that stores and links out to all the resources your board needs.

4. DON’T INCLUDE THINGS THAT COULD SUBJECT A TAX-EXEMPT ENTITY TO SCRUTINY.

While there are common distractions in every board meeting, recording them can be problematic in a legal investigation. You’ll want to exclude these distractions. For example, leave out the following from your board minutes:

  • Praise or displeasure
  • Small talk or political banter
  • Negative spin
  • Unnecessary legal terms

When in doubt, leave it out. This goes for anything that could present complications if reviewed later by others. If legal commentary was made or if the organization’s lawyer advised the board, simply note that this occurred in the board minutes. Don’t record the substance of the legal advice.

5. Don’t Include Off-The-Record Conversations.

Side discussions are bound to happen, but they shouldn’t be recorded. These off-the-record comments and discussions are certainly allowed to take place, but they must be clearly designated as off-the-record. If a board member brings up an issue that’s worth clarifying but doesn’t appear in the agenda, it doesn’t normally need to be detailed in the board minutes.

Instead, note that directors took the time to discuss items that weren’t on the agenda. Nothing else should be recorded about any tangents.

To avoid these complications, create an Agenda Requests folder in your Document Center. This way, future discussion topics are correctly scheduled into future meetings.

Let's explore a board meeting minutes template that your team can use.

5. Board Meeting Minutes Template

While the content of your board minutes will change from one meeting to the next, following a standard outline will help the minute-taking process to ensure consistency and accuracy. There’s no “right way” to draft board meeting minutes, and each organization has its own preferences for what effective ones look like. However, there are several details every board of directors needs to record during meetings.

If you’re new to the process, you’re likely unfamiliar with these components, and you may be unsure of where to start when creating a reusable outline. To help, we’ve created a board meeting minutes template that’s based on Robert’s Rules of Order and can be emulated to take notes during your organization’s meetings:

For your next meeting, use this board meeting minutes template as a guide.

In-Text Board Meeting Minutes Template

If you’re unable to view the above board meeting minutes template, here’s a breakdown of the basic elements the outline addresses:

  • Opening the meeting: take attendance and include the date and time the meeting started
  • Old business: approve the previous meeting’s minutes and discuss unresolved issues from previous meetings
  • New business: officers and committee chairs deliver their reports and any other agenda items are addressed
  • Closing the meeting: include the time of adjournment, information regarding the next meeting, and the secretary and president’s signatures

    While the above board meeting minutes template will serve as a solid starting point, you’ll need to adapt it to suit your board’s exact needs. With an outline to follow, you’ll set your team up for success and ensure all important discussions and motions are recorded in a cohesive, clear, and consistent way during meetings.

    While creating a board meeting minutes template manually may work, it’s not optimal. That’s why Boardable comes equipped with helpful tools that empower you to record minutes directly within your agendas.

    Let's walk through several ways dedicated tools can help you take more effective board minutes.

    6. How Board Meeting Minutes Tools Can Help

    As you now know, taking board meeting minutes requires substantial work and unwavering attention to detail. Just like most of your day-to-day tasks, this process can be streamlined with the right technology, like Boardable!

    By solidifying your digital strategy and investing in dedicated tools to take notes, it’s even possible to have completed, ready-to-distribute board minutes for everyone just minutes after the meeting wraps up.

    For those looking to improve their board meeting minutes and simplify the process altogether, Boardable’s Minutes Maker is a great option. Our team has worked together to develop a user-friendly solution that makes it incredibly easy to record all the right information. It works seamlessly regardless of if you’re meeting in person, remotely, or a mix of the two.

    With our dedicated tools, you can take minutes using the agenda you’ve already built to ensure you don’t miss a single detail. Simply pull up your agenda and quickly enter notes, assign tasks, and record votes. From here, any tasks will appear on the assigned individual’s dashboard as a reminder. Take a look at how simple recording board minutes and assigning tasks is with Boardable:

    Boardable makes taking effective board meeting minutes a breeze.

    Plus, sharing your board minutes has never been easier! Once you’ve finalized them and gotten them signed off on using our e-signing tools, publish them and instantly distribute them to your desired audience. You can choose to make board meeting minutes public if desired, and they’re always associated with the meeting and its attendees. You can choose to save a record in your Document Center or email a PDF, keeping everyone updated.

    Best of all, you can connect the minutes, agenda, and tasks of past meetings with the materials for the next one, which makes approval, review, and preparation for upcoming discussions a breeze! Take a look at how simple it is to group meeting information together:

    Boardable makes connecting your board meeting minutes, agenda, and tasks of a past meeting with the next one a breeze.

    Using dedicated board management tools can help protect your board from liability and inefficiency by ensuring you catch all vital details. Let Boardable do the heavy-lifting, so you can focus on producing effective minutes that effectively capture your meetings.

    Create a free account now to see how Boardable's tools can help you take more effective board meeting minutes.


    Wrapping Up The Discussion on Board Meeting Minutes

    Between documenting discussions, important votes, and follow-up assignments, a lot goes into effective board meeting minutes. To recap, they’re more than a general account of your board’s conversations and actions. They serve as a reference point for future discussions, inform those who were unable to attend, and serve as an official and legal record of your meetings, so the job shouldn’t be taken lightly.

    If you’re unsure where to start when documenting your next meeting, feel free to build out your minutes using the above board meeting minutes template. For a more tailored approach, our powerful board software and intuitive Minutes Maker tool will streamline the process further, ensuring you capture all essential discussion points, votes, and assignments.

    To help you continue your research on effective board operations, we’ve compiled a list of resources from the Boardable team on board management best practices. Explore each of these pages to expand your knowledge and learn how to instill a spirit of collaboration and efficiency throughout your organization:

    Think you’re up to the task of creating coherent, well-organized board minutes and want to learn about improving all documentation? If you’re tired of preparing agendas, budgets, reports, minutes, and all the documents that go into a board book, it’s time to reimagine your approach! Created by Boardable’s board management experts, Why It’s Time For Modern Boards To Blow Up the Board Book is a powerful resource that will help your team improve its documentation practices.

    Modernize your board meeting minutes by downloading out 'Why It's Time to Blow Up the Board Book' e-book.

    Learn how to get rid of the traditional paper board book in this free e-book download. Share the PDF with your team and never create another cumbersome board book again!

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